viola da gamba making

Gesina Liedmeier

strings


Gesina Liedmeier

The latest generation of strings is more elastic and less rigid than those which were hitherto available. More »
The attack is less noisy, the sound quality and ease of playing is greatly improved, and the specific gravity is so much lower that it's now become possible to string the instruments in a more historical fashion ( with thicker strings). Thanks to these strings Gesina's instrument making has also changed; the viols now sound warmer and are more flexible. Besides, the unwound bass strings for consort and other instruments from the pre- 1600 period are very comfortable, and sound beautiful, providing the instrument's playing string length is long enough. Nowadays wound strings are once again being made in historical fashion (thus without a synthetic sleeve around the gut core), and this has a positive effect on the sound.

The Toro strings are available in varying twists: LT = low twist, NT = normal twist, HT = high twist, XXHT = extra high twist. More twist is less resistance and more flexibility. High strings need low twist, the thicker the string the more twist you want.

Aquila makes SR= semirettificato or HR, unsplit=without splitting the gut, C=loaded and V=venice

Stoppani makes the best bass strings

Cordedrago makes for top strings ritorte di Salle (beef gut), second strings cantini di Napoli (sheep gut), third strings catlines di Bologna (high twist, smooth but not sanded), fourth cordoncini di Roma (roaped), and for the basses Cordone Cordedrago (extra high twist roaped) and Appesantiti di Rame (loaded).



All these strings have no varnish.  It's advisable to soak the strings in sweet almond oil or olive oil for at least two weeks before applying tension. This increases their life span.
As a rule, these strings are not as heavy as traditional  gut strings - to achieve an equivalent tension in kilos you need a thicker string. For example: a d' bass viol string could be .70 thick if using old fashioned type strings, a comparable modern string would be Toro .76 LT or.78 LT.

In spite of the careful process of selecting the raw gut, these strings can be more vulnerable than one would wish. Strings breaking, without apparent cause, within two days after first use for unwound strings or a week for wound strings will be replaced free of charge.
In case of complaint the string must, of course, be returned.« Less

  • prices 2022
  • prices include 21% VAT, with € 4,95 postage per order in the Netherlands and € 9 abroad
  • I cannot take responsability for shipping problems
  • please include your postal adress
  • well stocked, but not everything in stock
  • orders and questions by e-mail only: snaren@liedmeier.nl
  • orders below € 25 cost  € 5 extra
  • raw gut is a difficult material: if a string breaks immediately, please send it back and ask for replacement

pardessus de viole

string twist gauge price brand and length
g’’ 0.44 € 8,56 Aquila 120 cm
d" LT 0.56 €14.87 Toro sheep gut 120cm
a' NT 0.72 €18,13 Toro sheep gut 120cm
a' ritorta di salle 0.72 € 22,04 Cordedrago 140 cm
f' NT 0.88 €23,30 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
c XXHT 1.12 €28,47 Toro sheep gut 120 cm

treble viol

string twist gauge price brand and length
d’’ LT 0.50 € 16,07 Toro ox gut 140 cm
d" unsplit lamb 0.52 € 12,35 Aquila 120 cm
d" ritorta di salle 0.52 € 12,35 Cordedrago 120 cm
d’’best sold large treble LT 0.52 best sold large treble € 16,07 Toro sheep gut 140 cm
d’’ LT 0.52 € 16,07 Toro ox gut 140 cm
d" SR 0.52 € 12,35 Aquila 120 cm
d’’ LT 0.54 best sold small treble € 18,60 Toro sheep gut 140 cm
d" LT 0.54 € 18,60 Toro ox gut 140 cm
d" ritorta di salle 0.54 € 12,35 Cordedrago 120 cm
d" ritorta di salle 0.54 € 18,60 Cordedrago 140 cm
d" best sold small treble LT 0.56 best sold large treble € 18,60 Toro sheep gut 140 cm
d’’ LT 0.58 € 18,60 Toro sheep gut 140 cm
a' best sold small treble NT 0.68 best sold large treble € 22,04 Toro sheep gut 140 cm
a' cantino di Napoli 0.68 € 22,04 Cordedrago 140
a' best sold large treble NT 0.70 best sold small treble € 22,04 Toro sheep gut 140 cm
a' LT 0.70 € 22,04 Toro sheep gut 140 cm
a' NT 0.72 € 22,04 Toro sheep gut 140 cm
a' ritorta di salle 0.72 € 22,04 Cordedrago 140 cm
e’ best sold large treble HT 0.88 best sold large treble € 15,50 Toro sheep gut 70 cm
e' XXHT 0.88 € 15,50 Toro sheep gut 70 cm
e' best sold small treble HT 0.90 best sold small treble € 15,50 Toro sheep gut 70 cm
e' HT 0.92 € 15,50 Toro sheep gut 70 cm
c best sold large treble XXHT 1.12 best sold large treble € 18,00 Toro sheep gut 70 cm
c best sold small treble XXHT 1.15 best sold small treble € 21,09 Toro sheep gut 70 cm
c XXHT 1.18 € 21,09 Toro sheep gut 70 cm
g best sold large treble XXHT 1.50 best sold large treble € 28,35 Toro sheep gut 70 cm
g best sold small treble R silver wound 78R best sold small treble € 48,45 Toro silver wound 70 cm
d 1.93 € 48,45 Stoppani 70 cm
d best sold large treble XXHT 1.96 best sold large treble € 42,51 Toro sheep gut 70 cm
d XXHT 2.00 € 42,51 Toro sheep gut 70 cm
d typo C 2.00 € 70,90 Aquila 120 cm
d typo V 2.00 € 70,90 Aquila 120 cm
d best sold small treble R silver wound 112R best sold small treble € 54,84 Toro silver wound 70 cm

alto viol in a

string twist gauge price brand and length
a' LT .58 € 14,87 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
e' NT .80 € 17,07 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
b NT .96 € 24,44 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
c HT 1.00 € 24,44 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
g XXHT 1.40 € 41,93 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
d XXHT 1.96 € 70,90 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
A XXHT 2.56 € 85,45 Toro sheep gut 120 cm

tenor viol

string twist gauge price brand and length
g’ LT 0.62 € 14,89 Toro ox gut 120 cm
g' ritorta di Salle 0.62 € 14,89 Cordedrago 120
g' best sold LT 0.64 best sold € 17,64 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
g' LT 0.64 double? € 22,04 Toro sheep gut 140 cm
g' unsplit 0.64 € 17,64 Aquila 120 cm
g' LT 0.64 € 17,64 Toro ox gut 120 cm
g' SR 0.64 double € 26,46 Aquila 180 cm
g' LT 0.66 € 17,64 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
g' SR 0.66 double € 30,73 Aquila 180 cm
g' LT 0.68 double € 26,46 Toro sheep gut 180 cm
g' LT 0.68 € 18,13 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
g' 0.68 double € 26,46 Aquila 180 cm
d' SR 0.85 € 23,30 Aquila 120 cm
d’ best sold NT 0.86 best sold € 30,99 Toro sheep gut 180 cm
d' NT 0.86 € 23,30 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
d' cantino di napoli 0.86 € 23,30 Cordedrago 120
d' NT 0.88 € 23,30 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
d' NT 0.90 € 30,99 Toro sheep gut 180 cm
d' HT 0.90 € 23,30 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
d' XXHT 0.90 € 23,30 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
a best sold HT 1.15 best sold € 25,32 Toro sheep gut 90 cm
a XXHT 1.15 € 25,32 Toro sheep gut 90 cm
a HT 1.18 € 25,32 Toro sheep gut 90 cm
a HT 1.20 € 25,32 Toro sheep gut 90 cm
a HT 1.18 € 30,42 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
f best sold XXHT 1.45 best sold € 41,93 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
f SR 1.45 € 41,93 Aquila 120 cm
f XXHT 1.50 € 45,35 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
c XXHT 1.92 € 70,90 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
c 1.90 € 70,90 Stoppani 140 cm
c XXHT 1.96 € 75,57 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
c silver plated 88R € 55,17 Toro silver plated 90 cm
G 2.53 € 85,65 Stoppani 135 cm
G best sold XXHT 2.56 best sold € 85,65 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
G XXHT 2.60 € 64,23 Toro sheep gut 90 cm
G XXHT 2.60 € 92,70 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
G typo V 2.60 € 92,70 Aquila 120 cm
G XXHT 2.65 € 64,23 Toro sheep gut 90 cm
G silver plated 120R € 70,08 Toro silver plated 90 cm

bass viol

string twist gauge price brand and length
d' LT 0.68 € 18,13 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
d’ LT 0.72 € 18,13 Toro ox gut 120 cm
d’ LT 0.73 € 18,13 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
d’ NT 0.74 € 18,13 Toro ox gut 120 cm
d’ best sold LT 0.76 best sold € 20,66 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
d’ LT 0.76 € 20,66 Toro ox gut 120 cm
d' NT 0.76 € 20,66 Toro ox gut 120 cm
d' cantino di napoli 0.76 € 20,66 Cordedrago 120 cm
d’ best sold LT 0.78 best sold € 20,66 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
d' LT 0.78 € 20,66 Toro ox gut 120 cm
d' LT 0.80 € 20,66 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
d' LT 0.82 € 20,66 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
a best sold NT 0.94 best sold € 24,44 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
a cantino di napoli 0.94 € 24,44 Cordedrago 120
a best sold NT 0.96 best sold € 24,44 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
a NT 0.98 € 24,44 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
a HT 1.00 € 24,44 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
a SR 1.00 € 24,44 Aquila SR 120 cm
e best sold HT 1.22 best sold € 33,75 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
e HT 1.24 € 38,55 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
e best sold HT 1.26 best sold € 38,55 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
e HT 1.28 € 38,55 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
e HT 1.30 € 38,55 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
c best sold XXHT 1.50 best sold € 45,35 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
c best sold XXHT 1.55 best sold € 45,35 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
c XXHT 1.60 € 56,69 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
G typo C 2.00 € 70,90 Aquila 120 cm
G typo V 2.00 € 70,90 Aquila 120 cm
G best sold all gut XXHT 2.10 all gut best sold € 75,57 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
G silver plated 92R light € 72,41 Toro silver plated 120 cm
G best sold silver plated silver plated 96R medium, best sold € 72,41 Toro silver plated 120 cm
G silver plated 100R heavy € 72,41 Toro silver plated 120 cm
D best sold all gut XXHT 2.80 best sold all gut € 92,70 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
D typo V 2.80 V € 92,70 Aquila 120 cm
D 2.85 all gut € 92,70 Stoppani 120 cm
D silver plated 116R light € 86,91 Toro silver plated 120 cm
D best sold silver plated silver plated 120R medium, best sold € 86,91 Toro silver plated 120 cm
D silver plated 126R heavy € 86,91 Toro silver plated 120 cm
AA silver plated 135R light € 115,87 Toro silver plated 120 cm
AA best sold silver plated 140R medium, best sold € 115,87 Toro silver plated 120 cm
AA silver plated 150R heavy € 115,87 Toro silver plated 120 cm

great bass viol in GG

string twist gauge price brand and length
g XXHT 1.12 € 29,76 Toro sheep gut 140 cm
d XXHT 1.50 € 56,70 Toro sheep gut 140 cm
A XXHT 1.96 € 85,02 Toro sheep gut 140 cm
F XXHT 2.45 € 100,00 Toro sheep gut 140 cm
C XXHT 3.30 Toro sheep gut 140 cm
GG XXHT 4.30 Toro sheep gut 140 cm

violin

string twist gauge price brand and length
e LT 0.56 € 14,87 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
e best sold LT 0.58 best sold € 14,87 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
e LT 0.60 € 14,87 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
e LT 0.62 € 14,87 Toro ox gut 120 cm
ritorta di Salle 0.62 € 17,64 Cordedrago
e best sold LT 0.64 best sold € 17,64 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
e LT 0.64 € 17,64 Toro ox gut 120 cm
e SR 0.64 € 17,64 Aquila 120 cm
unsplit 0.64 € 17,64 Aquila 120 cm
e LT 0.66 € 17,64 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
e HT 0.66 € 17,64 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
e SR 0.66 € 17,64 Aquila 120 cm
e cantino di napoli 0.68 € 18,60 Cordedrago 140 cm
e cantino di napoli 0.72 € 22,04 Cordedrago 140 cm
a NT 0.76 € 20,66 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
a cantino di Napoli 0.76 € 20,66 Cordedrago 120
a LT 0.78 € 20,66 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
a NT 0.78 € 20,66 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
a LT 0.78 € 20,66 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
a best sold NT 0.80 best sold € 20,66 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
a LT 0.80 € 20,66 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
a NT 0.82 € 20,66 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
a SR 0.82 € 20,66 Aquila 120 cm
a NT 0.84 € 20,66 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
a HR 0.85 € 23,30 Aquila 120 cm
a NT 0.86 € 23,30 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
a cantino di Napoli 0.86 € 23,30 Cordedrago 120
d HT 1.00 € 24,44 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
d SR 1.00 € 24,44 Aquila 120 cm
d best sold HT 1.04 best sold € 24,44 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
d NT 1.04 € 24,44 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
d HT 1.08 € 28,47 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
d XXHT 1.08 € 28,47 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
d XXHT 1.12 € 28,47 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
G silver plated 74 R € 55,03 Toro silver plated

viola

string twist gauge price brand and length
a LT 0.74 € 20,66 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
a LT 0.74 € 20,66 Toro ox gut 120 cm
a LT 0.76 € 20,66 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
a LT 0.76 € 20,66 Toro ox gut 120 cm
a NT 0.76 € 20,66 Toro ox gut 120 cm
a cantino di napoli 0.76 € 20,66 Cordedrago 120 cm
a LT 0.78 € 20,66 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
a LT 0.78 € 20,66 Toro ox gut 120 cm
d HT 1.04 € 28,47 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
d HT 1.08 € 28,47 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
d XXHT 1.08 € 28,47 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
d XXHT 1.12 € 28,47 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
g XXHT 1.50 € 45,35 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
g XXHT 1.55 € 45,35 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
g silver plated equivalent 175 € 45,35 Toro silver plated 75 cm
C silver plated equivalent 270 € 76,78 Toro silver plated 70 cm
C silver plated equivalent 275 € 76,78 Toro silver plated 70 cm

cello

string twist gauge price
a LT 1.08 € 28,47 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
a NT 1.08 € 28,47 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
a best sold HT 1.08 best sold € 28,47 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
a XXHT 1.08 € 28,47 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
a NT 1.12 € 33,75 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
a HT 1.12 € 33,75 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
a XXHT 1.12 € 33,75 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
a NT 1.15 € 33,75 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
a HT 1.15 € 33,75 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
a HT 1.16 € 33,75 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
a HT 1.18 € 33,75 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
a XXHT 1.18 € 33,75 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
a NT 1.20 € 33,75 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
a HT 1.20 € 33,75 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
a XXHT 1.20 € 33,75 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
a SR 1.20 € 33,75 Aquila 120 cm
a HT 1.22 € 38,55 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
a HT 1.24 € 38,55 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
a SR 1.24 € 38,55 Aquila 120 cm
a XXHT 1.24 € 38,55 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
a HT 1.26 € 38,55 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
a XXHT 1.26 € 38,55 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
d XXHT 1.40 € 41,93 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
d XXHT 1.45 € 45,34 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
d SR 1.45 € 45,34 Aquila 120 cm
d XXHT 1.50 € 45,34 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
d XXHT 1.55 € 45,34 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
d XXHT 1.60 € 56,69 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
d XXHT 1.65 € 56,69 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
d SR 1.65 € 56,69 Aquila 120 cm
d XXHT 1.70 € 56,69 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
d SR 1.70 € 56,69 Aquila 120 cm
d XXHT 1.75 € 61,72 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
d SR 1.75 € 61,72 Aquila 120 cm
g XXHT 2.30 € 80,45 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
g typo C 2.50 € 85,65 Aquila 120 cm
g XXHT 2.56 € 85,65 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
g XXHT 2.60 € 85,65 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
g V 2.60 € 85,65 Aquila 120 cm
g XXHT 2.65 € 92,70 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
g XXHT 2.70 € 92,70 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
g XXHT 2.75 € 92,70 Toro sheep gut 120 cm
g silver plated 120 R € 86,91 Toro silver plated 120 cm
C silver plated 140 R € 115,87 Toro silver plated 120 cm

Gesina Liedmeier

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